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Literacy Curriculum

     

At Stamford Park Infants we use the Letters and Sounds scheme to teach phonics.  Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007.  It aims to build children’s speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven.

 

There are six overlapping phases through which the children progress.  The children start Phase One in the nursery and are generally secure at Phase Six by the end of Year Two.   The table below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance for Practitioners and Teachers.

                                                           

Phase

Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One


 

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two

 

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
Phase Three

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the “simple code”, i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

 

Phase Four

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

 

Phase Five
(Throughout  Year 1)
Now we move on to the “complex code”. Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

 

Phase Six
 (Throughout Year 2 and beyond)

 

 

Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.
Here are some ideas and resources to help children develop their reading and spelling at home.

Please click here to view our school Reading Curriculum

Reading Games

Phonics

Useful Websites

Spelling Guidance
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