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Stamford Park Infant School

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Literacy Curriculum


At Stamford Park Infants we use the Letters and Sounds scheme to teach phonics.  Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007.  It aims to build children’s speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven.


There are six overlapping phases through which the children progress.  The children start Phase One in the nursery and are generally secure at Phase Six by the end of Year Two.   The table below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance for Practitioners and Teachers.



Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One


Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two


Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
Phase Three

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the “simple code”, i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.


Phase Four

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.


Phase Five
(Throughout  Year 1)
Now we move on to the “complex code”. Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.


Phase Six
 (Throughout Year 2 and beyond)



Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.
Here are some ideas and resources to help children develop their reading and spelling at home.

Phonics Games

The following phonics games are played daily in your child's class. They include all of the words from the last five phonic screening tests. 

How to play:

To play the game please click on one of the links below and 'open' the file.  It will open in Powerpoint.  Press 'S' on your keyboard, this will stop the screen on a real word or an alien word. Your child will then blend and segment the sounds and say the word. To start the screen again press 'Space' followed by 'S' to stop the screen again. Select 'Esc' to close the game.  We suggest you play the game for around 5-10 minutes every night to increase your child's performance within the phonics screening tests.


Information to Parents


Please click here to view our school Reading Curriculum

Suggested Reading Lists

EYFS / KS1 Suggested Reading Lists

Reading Games


Useful Websites

Spelling Guidance